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Firework safety and the law
Fireworks often play a big part in celebrations – like Bonfire Night, Diwali and Chinese New Year. However, fireworks are explosives and burn at high temperatures, so they need careful handling and storage. Find out about firework safety and the law about their use.
Firework safety checklist
Figures have shown that more children than adults get hurt by fireworks. If you are thinking of using fireworks as part of your celebrations, you should follow the steps listed below.
Before your firework display
Preparation is key to enjoying fireworks safely, so:
- don’t buy fireworks from anywhere you’re not sure about, like a van or a temporary, unlicensed market stall
- only buy fireworks marked BS 7114 or with a CE mark – this shows that the firework meets British or European safety standards (a reputable shop will know this)
- follow the instructions on each firework – read them in daylight or by torchlight, never by a naked flame
- make suitable supports and launchers if you’re setting off Catherine wheels or rockets
Things you will need on the night
It’s easy to get a few household things together, these are:
- a closed metal box to store the fireworks – take them out one at a time
- a bucket of water – to cool sparklers and put out any small fires
- eye protection and gloves
- a bucket of earth to stick fireworks in
Follow these simple guidelines to stay safe:
- only one person should be responsible for letting off fireworks
- don’t drink alcohol if you are setting off fireworks
- light fireworks at arm’s length, using a taper
- make sure everyone stands well back
- never go back to a firework that has been lit – even if it hasn’t gone off it could still explode
Sparklers are fun, but always:
- supervise children with sparklers and never give them to a child under five
- light sparklers one at a time and wear gloves
- put used sparklers hot end down into a bucket of sand or water
Other tips on the night
Finally, follow these other rules for a safe night:
- keep pets indoors – most animals get very scared by the lights and noise from fireworks
- never put fireworks in your pocket or throw them
- never throw spent fireworks on a bonfire
- take care around bonfires – all clothes, even those labelled ‘low flammability’ - can catch fire
Fireworks and the law
There are laws about when fireworks can be sold, and to who – as well as the times fireworks can be set off.
If you are under 18 years of age
If you are under 18, you can't:
- buy the types of fireworks which can be sold only to adults
- have fireworks in public places
If you do, the police can give you an on-the-spot fine of £80.
Using fireworks legally
It is against the law to:
- set off or throw fireworks in the street or other public place
- set off fireworks between 11.00 pm and 7.00 am – except during certain celebrations
If found guilty by the courts, you could be fined up to £5,000 and can be imprisoned for up to three months. You may be liable for an on-the-spot fine of £80.
When you can use fireworks during celebrations
You can let off fireworks :
- until midnight on Bonfire Night
- until 1.00 am on New Year’s Eve, Diwali and Chinese New Year
When fireworks are available to buy
Fireworks for private use, and from a registered seller, can only be sold:
- between 15 October and 10 November – around Bonfire Night
- between 26 December and 31 December – for New Year’s Eve
- three days before Diwali and Chinese New Year
For the rest of the year, you will only be able to buy fireworks from shops that are licensed to supply them.
If you think a shop is unregistered, or selling fireworks when they shouldn’t, contact your council’s Trading Standards Officer. Your council will also have a list of registered sellers.
Animals and pets
It is against the law to cause any unnecessary suffering to any domestic or captive animal. The penalty if found guilty is either imprisonment up to 51 weeks, or a fine of up to £20,000, or both.
Firework displays for the general public
If you are organising a firework display for the general public, see 'Organising a firework display' for advice on how to run it safely and successfully.